As noted Previous analysis, Preventing racial disparities in the uptake of COVID-19 vaccines, helping reduce the uncomplicated effects of the virus for people of color will be important and will prevent racial health disparities from advancing. In addition, reaching high vaccination rates in individuals and communities will be important for achieving broad population immunity through the vaccine.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is nationally reporting demographic characteristics, including the breed / ethnicity of people receiving COVID-19 vaccination. As of March 29, 2021, the CDC reported that race / ethnicity was known only to more than half (53%) people who had received at least one dose of the vaccine. Of this group, approximately two-thirds were White (66%), 9% Hispanic, 8% Black, 5% Asian, 1% American Indian or Alaska Native, and <1% Native Hawaii or other Pacific Islanders, while 10% Reported multiple or other races. However, to date, the CDC is not providing state-level demographic data for vaccinated people.
Collect and analyze state-reported data on COVID-19 vaccination by KFF race / ethnicity, to provide more information on who is receiving vaccines and whether some groups are experiencing disparities in vaccination. Used to be. As of March 29, 2021, 47 states were reporting vaccination data by race / ethnicity. This analysis examines how vaccination is distributed by race / ethnicity and is part of the total population vaccinated by race / ethnicity. It also assesses the trends in these figures from 1 March.
Vaccination distribution by race / ethnicity
Figure 1 shows COVID-19 vaccination, cases, and death shares among Black, Hispanic, Asian, and White people as of March 29, 2021. The data also shows the distribution of the total population by these groups by 2019. Data are not presented for other groups due to limitations. Together these data show:
As seen in the first weeks, there is a consistent pattern in states of Black and Hispanic people receiving smaller shares of vaccination compared to their share of cases and deaths, and their shares of the total population. For example, in California, 22% of vaccinations have gone to Hispanic people, while they account for 55% of cases, 47% of deaths, and 40% of the total population in the state. Similarly, in the District of Columbia, black people have received 36% of vaccinations, while they account for 49% of cases, 69% of deaths, and 46% of the total population. However, the size of these differences varies across states, with smaller differences seen largely in states that have smaller shares of Hispanic and Black residents overall.
In most states, the share of vaccination among Asians was the same or higher as the share of their cases and deaths, although, in some states, it was lower. The share of vaccination among Asians was similar to their share of the total population in most states, although it was lower in some states, such as Pennsylvania and Virginia. In Hawaii, 57% of vaccinations have been received by Asians, more than their share of the total population (40%), but similar to their share of deaths (51%).
White people received a higher share of vaccination than their cases and deaths and their share of the total population in data reporting from most states. For example, in Colorado, 83% of vaccinations were received by whites, while they make up 68% of the population. In Alaska, more than one-third (36%) of vaccinations have been received by white people, proportionate to their share of cases (38%) and deaths (37%), but less than their share (65%) of the population is. . This pattern, indicating that the share of vaccination received by people of American Indian and Alaska origin (22%) exceeds their share of the total population (15%) and is close to their share of cases (26%) and death. (36%) in the state.
Percentage of total population vaccinated by race / ethnicity
We also calculate the percentage of the total population who received a vaccine for 42 states that report racial / ethnic data based on those who received at least one dose of the vaccine. (States reporting race / ethnicity based on total dose are excluded from this analysis.) Figure 2 shows the percentage of the total population who were vaccinated by race / ethnicity in each of these states and a total of 40 states has been applied. (North Dakota and New Mexico are excluded from the total due to their data reporting differences.) It also shows the proportion of vaccination rates for Blacks, Hispanic and Asians, as well as White people, as a percentage point. it shows. Vaccination rates for white people and differences in rates for other groups.
Overall, in these 40 states, the rate of vaccination among white people was almost twice as high as the rate for Hispanic people (25% vs. 13%), and 1.7 times higher than the rate for blacks (25% vs. 15). %) is. All reporting states have a higher vaccination rate for white people than Hispanic people and a higher rate than black people in every reporting state except Alaska. However, the size of these differences varies widely across states. For example, white people have to be vaccinated about four times as much as Hispanic people in Pennsylvania and Georgia, while the differences are smaller in New Mexico, Missouri, and Alaska. Vaccination rates for whites are three times higher for black people in Iowa and Pennsylvania than for black people, while in places like DC, Mississippi, and Oregon, the differences are small and rates are similar in Alaska. The vaccination rate for Asians is close to the rate for whites in most reporting states, although their chances of being vaccinated in most reporting states are low.
Since March 1, the share of the population receiving the COVID-19 vaccine has increased among racial / ethnic groups, but vaccination rates for whites have stayed the most compared to rates for Asian, Black, and Hispanic Black and Hispanic. For people (Figure 3). While the ratio of White vaccination rates has decreased compared to rates for other groups, the absolute difference in rates has increased in most states reporting during this period. The completeness of race / ethnicity data has improved in most states since March 1, with some states, such as Utah, Arizona, Texas, Alaska and Michigan, having a large decline in the share of immunizations with unknown or missing races. Over time it would be better to continue to monitor the data to see if inequalities persist and are becoming wider or narrower and how this pattern may vary across states.
Together, these data raise concerns about racial disparities in COVID-19 vaccination. Preventing such inequalities will be important for people of color to reduce the adverse effects of the epidemic, to prevent widespread inequalities, and to achieve widespread population immunity. Many states are implementing Strategies To address these disparities, and the federal government is launching a range of approaches to expand vaccine access and offtake, with particular focus on outlining areas and communities that are vulnerable to the epidemic. Monitoring these data over time can help to find out whether these efforts help reduce racial gaps in vaccination and continue to take further action.
While the data provide useful insights, they are subject to gaps, limitations, and inconsistencies that limit the ability to get a complete picture of who is and who is not vaccinated. For example, data gaps and separate reporting of data for vaccinations administered through the Indian Health Service limit the ability to analyze vaccinations between American Indian and Alaska Native people and native Hawaiians and other Pacific islanders. In addition, some states have high shares of vaccination that are missing race / ethnicity or are classified as “other”, limiting their ability to interpret the data. For example, in Alaska, more than 30% of vaccinations were among those classified as “other” races, and in Michigan and Virginia the race for more than 30% of vaccinations was unknown. Four states were not yet reporting vaccination data by race / ethnicity. Comprehensive standardized data across states will be important to monitor and ensure the vaccine.
All reported data on vaccination by race / ethnicity is available through us COVID-19 State Data and Policy Actions Tracker And is downloadable through our state health facts online Table. KFF will continue to update these figures regularly as vaccination distribution continues and more people become eligible.
Source link: https://www.kff.org/coronavirus-covid-19/issue-brief/latest-data-on-covid-19-vaccinations-race-ethnicity/