ENT Doctor Explained!
ENT Doctor in medical terms go by the term ‘otolaryngologist‘.
An otolaryngologist is a doctor who can treat health problems in the head and neck. That’s someone who treats issues in your ears, nose, or throat as well as related areas in your head and neck. They’re also called ENT’s.
The 19th Century was when doctors discovered that the throat, ears, and nose were closely linked by a system involving tubes and passages. They developed special tools to look closely at these areas and found ways to treat them. A new medical specialty was created.
What Conditions Does an ENT Doctor Treat?
ENT can treat many conditions. If you have a problem that involves:
- An ear condition, such as an infection, hearing loss, or trouble with balance
- Nose and nasal issues like allergies, sinusitis, or growths
- Throat problems like tonsillitis, difficulty swallowing, and voice issues
- You may experience sleep problems such as snoring and obstructive sleeping apnea. This is when your airway narrows or blocks and interrupts your breathing during sleep.
- Head and neck infections or tumors (cancerous, benign or otherwise)
Other types of doctors can treat certain areas of your head. Neurologists treat problems in your brain, nervous system, or eyes, while ophthalmologists deal with vision and eye health.
Training of ENT Doctors
Four years of medical school is necessary for otolaryngologists. Then they must have at least 5 additional years of training. They must then pass an exam in order to become American Board of Otolaryngology certified.
A subspecialty training program may be available for 1 or 2 years.
- Allergy: These doctors treat environmental allergies (like pollen or pet dander) with medicine or a series of shots called immunology. They also can help you find out if you have a food allergy.
- Facial and reconstructive surgery: These doctors do cosmetic surgery like face lifts and nose jobs. They also assist those whose appearance has been altered by an accident or born with issues.
- Head and neck: If you have a tumor or infection in your throat, sinuses, nose, mouth, throat, voicebox, or upper esophagus this specialist can help.
- Laryngology: These doctors treat diseases and injuries that affect your voice box (larynx) and vocal cords. They are also able to diagnose and treat swallowing disorders.
- Otology and neurotology: If you have any kind of issue with your ears, these specialists can help. They can help with conditions such as infections, dizziness and hearing loss.
- Pediatric ENT: It’s possible that your child won’t be able or willing to share with their doctor the things that are bothering him. Pediatric ENTs are specially trained for treating children, and have the necessary tools and exam rooms to help them.
ENTs can also treat
Ear infections, tonsillitis and asthma are all common problems. Pediatric ENTs can also treat children with birth defects of head and neck. They can also help determine if your child is suffering from a speech or language disorder.
- Rhinology: These doctors are concerned with your nose and sinuses. They can treat unusual growths, sinusitis, nasal bleeding, loss of sense, and other conditions such as nose bleeds.
- Sleep medicine: Some ENT’s specialize in sleep problems that involve your breathing, for instance snoring or sleep apnea. Your doctor may order a sleep study to see if you have trouble breathing at times during the night.